Volume 9 Number 7 (Jul. 2014)
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JSW 2014 Vol.9(7): 1707-1717 ISSN: 1796-217X
doi: 10.4304/jsw.9.7.1707-1717

Specifying Complex Systems in Object-Z: A Case Study of Petrol Supply Systems

Yangping Li1, Xiaoheng Pan1, Tianming Hu1, Sam Yuan Sung2, Huaqiang Yuan1
1Dongguan University of Technology, China
2South Texas College, USA

Abstract—As modern complex systems become increasingly large, sophisticated, feature-rich and data-intensive, people have recognized the importance of precisely and unambigu- ously specifying them with formal methods for a number of years. This paper advocates the use of Object-Z, a formal specification language, in the description of complex systems. Object-Z is an extension to the Z language to facilitate specification in an object-oriented style. The notation Object- Z builds on Z’s strengths in modeling complex data and algorithms, and on its new class structuring’s strengths in succinctly specifying the various relationships and commu- nication between objects in a large system. In detail, first we describe informally the syntax and semantics of Object- Z, highlighting those features that facilitate decomposing a large system into a collection of interacting objects and thus separating concerns. Then, we demonstrate the use of Object-Z by presenting a case study of a petrol supply system, illustrating how the system runs by communicating the constituent objects. Finally, we discuss several issues we encountered in this exercise, which may serve as feedback to the development of Object-Z.

Index Terms—Object-Z; object-oriented modeling; formal methods; system specification


Cite: Yangping Li, Xiaoheng Pan, Tianming Hu, Sam Yuan Sung, Huaqiang Yuan, "Specifying Complex Systems in Object-Z: A Case Study of Petrol Supply Systems," Journal of Software vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 1707-1717, 2014.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-217X (Online)
Frequency: Monthly (2006-2019); Bimonthly (Since 2020)
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Antanas Verikas
Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO, Google Scholar, ProQuest, INSPEC, ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, etc
E-mail: jsw@iap.org
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