Volume 12 Number 1 (Jan. 2017)
Home > Archive > 2017 > Volume 12 Number 1 (Jan. 2017) >
JSW 2017 Vol.12(1): 62-81 ISSN: 1796-217X
doi: 10.17706/jsw.12.1.62-80

An Improved K-means Algorithm Based on Structure Features

Qiang Zhan
1School of Computer Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China.
2College of Engineering, Forestry, and Natural Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Arizona, America.

Abstract—In K-means clustering, we are given a set of n data points in multidimensional space, and the problem is to determine the number k of clusters. In this paper, we present three methods which are used to determine the true number of spherical Gaussian clusters with additional noise features. Our algorithms take into account the structure of Gaussian data sets and the initial centroids. These three algorithms have their own emphases and characteristics. The first method uses Minkowski distance as a measure of similarity, which is suitable for the discovery of non-convex spherical shape or the clusters with a large difference in size. The second method uses feature weighted Minkowski distance, which emphasizes the different importance of different features for the clustering results. The third method combines Minkowski distance with the best feature factors. We experiment with a variety of general evaluation indexes on Gaussian data sets with and without noise features. The results showed that the algorithms have higher precision than traditional K-means algorithm.

Index Terms—K-means, feature weighting, clustering, cluster validity index.


Cite: Qiang Zhan, "An Improved K-means Algorithm Based on Structure Features," Journal of Software vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 62-80, 2017.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-217X
Frequency: Monthly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Antanas Verikas
Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO, ProQuest, INSPEC, ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, CNKI,etc
E-mail: jsw@iap.org
  • May 11, 2018 News!

    Papers published in JSW Vol. 13, No. 1- Vol. 13 No. 4 have been indexed by DBLP.    [Click]

  • Dec 22, 2017 News!

    [CFP] 2018 the annual meeting of JSW Editorial Board, ICCSM 2018, will be held in Nice, France, July 17-19.   [Click]

  • Jun 25, 2018 News!

    Vol 13, No. 6 has been published with online version 4 original aritcles from 3 countries are published in this issue.     [Click]

  • Jun 25, 2018 News!

    The papers published in Vol.13, No. 6 have all received dois from Crossref.

  • Jun 12, 2018 News!

    The papers published in Vol.13, No. 5 have all received dois from Crossref.