Volume 6 Number 1 (Jan. 2011)
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JSW 2011 Vol.6(1): 100-107 ISSN: 1796-217X
doi: 10.4304/jsw.6.1.100-107

Application of an Improved Mean Shift Algorithm in Real-time Facial Expression Recognition

Zhao-yi Peng, Yu Zhou, Yan-hui Zhu, Zhi-qiang Wen
School of Computer and Communication, Hunan University of Technology, Hunan, Zhuzhou, 412008,China

Abstract—In real-time facial expression recognition, accurate and fast face tracking is a very important preparatory part to obtain the image sequences of facial expressions. For this problem, an improved mean shift algorithm is proposed for real-time face tracking. Facial expression image sequences are obtained with the method. The method is based on using pixel gray value distribution as the feature as well as combination of the density distribution of the objective gradient direction. Alternating iterative operations can be carried through the iterative formula of these two features, and thus, we can make the human face rotation and translation movement tracking better. Then we used the geometric model based on human face to locate the region of facial expression features, and estimate the optical flow to calculate the Eigen-flow vectors. Finally, hidden semi-Markov model is used for facial expression recognitions. Experiments show that the proposed method can effectively track the face under rotation and translation movement of the head and it is very effective to obtain the facial expression image sequences quickly and accurately.

Index Terms—improved mean shift algorithm, gradient direction, face tracking, facial expression recognition, image sequences, HSMM


Cite: Zhao-yi Peng, Yu Zhou, Yan-hui Zhu, Zhi-qiang Wen, "Application of an Improved Mean Shift Algorithm in Real-time Facial Expression Recognition," Journal of Software vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 100-107, 2011.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-217X (Online)
Frequency:  Quarterly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Antanas Verikas
Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO, CNKIGoogle Scholar, ProQuest, INSPEC(IET), ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, etc
E-mail: jsw@iap.org
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