Volume 9 Number 6 (Jun. 2014)
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JSW 2014 Vol.9(6): 1645-1653 ISSN: 1796-217X
doi: 10.4304/jsw.9.6.1645-1653

A Standard-based Model for the Exchange of 3D Geological Data

Zhangang Wang1, Zixing Wu2, Honggang Qu3, Yongbo Zhang4
1State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Mine Safety, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083 China
2School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
3Development & Research Centre, China Geological Survey, Beijing, 100037, China
4The Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, Shijiazhuang, 050061, China


Abstract—A wide range of methodologies and software applications have been developed to generate 3-Dimensional (3D) geological model data. One of the main open issues is the exchange of these heterogeneous data from different sources, which influences the sharing and integration of 3D geodata. It is also a necessity to take into consideration the semantics of 3D geological data to enable its full exchange. We proposed a standard based geologic data model (sGDM) to offer an xml-based data exchange of 3D geological models. sGDM totally reuses the standard of GeoSciML declared by the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) as the core module for defining geological feature objects. Then geological features can be integrated into a geological model within a top-to-down architecture of geological model – feature group – geological feature. The Symbology Encoding (SE) standard from Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is utilized and extended by sGDM to define 3D visualization parameters of geological features. Besides, sGDM has benefited from several other existing standards, such as X3D proposed by Web 3D Consortium, WMS, SLD, CityGML etc. that proposed by OGC. To evaluate the sGDM, we also presented a high level prototype architecture for the integrated, xml-based storage and management of 3D geological data. In this architecture, data user and provider softwares exchange information through a communication method using sGDM-defined xml streams.

Index Terms—data Exchange, geological model, XML, GeoSciML

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Cite: Zhangang Wang, Zixing Wu, Honggang Qu, Yongbo Zhang, "A Standard-based Model for the Exchange of 3D Geological Data," Journal of Software vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1645-1653, 2014.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-217X (Online)
Frequency:  Bimonthly (Since 2020)
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Antanas Verikas
Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO, Google Scholar, ProQuest, INSPEC(IET), ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, etc
E-mail: jsw@iap.org
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