Volume 6 Number 12 (Dec. 2011)
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JSW 2011 Vol.6(12): 2369-2378 ISSN: 1796-217X
doi: 10.4304/jsw.6.12.2369-2378

Hybrid Distributed Shared Memory Space in Multi-core Processors

Xiaowen Chen1, 2, Shuming Chen1, Zhonghai Lu2, Axel Jantsc2
1Institute of Microelectronic and Microprocessor, School of Computer, National University of Defense Technology, 410073, Changsha, China
2Department of Electronic Systems, School of Information and Communication Technology, KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, 16440 Kista, Stockholm, Sweden


Abstract—On multi-core processors, memories are preferably distributed and supporting Distributed Shared Memory (DSM) is essential for the sake of reusing huge amount of legacy code and easy programming. However, the DSM organization imports the inherent overhead of translating virtual memory addresses into physical memory addresses, resulting in negative performance. We observe that, in parallel applications, different data have different properties (private or shared). For the private data accesses, it’s unnecessary to perform Virtual-to-Physical address translations. Even for the same datum, its property may be changeable in different phases of the program execution. Therefore, this paper focuses on decreasing the overhead of Virtualto- Physical address translation and hence improving the system performance by introducing hybrid DSM organization and supporting run-time partitioning according to the data property. The hybrid DSM organization aims at supporting fast and physical memory accesses for private data and maintaining a global and single virtual memory space for shared data. Based on the data property of parallel applications, the run-time partitioning supports changing the hybrid DSM organization during the program execution. It ensures fast physical memory addressing on private data and conventional virtual memory addressing on shared data, improving the performance of the entire system by reducing virtual-to-physical address translation overhead as much as possible. We formulate the run-time partitioning of hybrid DSM organization in order to analyze its performance. A real DSM based multi-core platform is also constructed. The experimental results of real applications show that the hybrid DSM organization with run-time partitioning demonstrates performance advantage over the conventional DSM counterpart. The percentage of performance improvement depends on problem size, way of data partitioning and computation/communication ratio of parallel applications, network size of the system, etc. In our experiments, the maximal improvement is 34.42%, the minimal improvement 3.68%.

Index Terms—Run-time Partitioning, Hybrid Distributed Shared Memory (DSM), Multi-core, processor

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Cite: Xiaowen Chen, Shuming Chen, Zhonghai Lu, Axel Jantsc, "Hybrid Distributed Shared Memory Space in Multi-core Processors," Journal of Software vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 2369-2378, 2011.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-217X (Online)
Frequency: Monthly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Antanas Verikas
Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO, ProQuest, INSPEC, ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, etc
E-mail: jsw@iap.org
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