Volume 8 Number 11 (Nov. 2013)
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JSW 2013 Vol.8(11): 2839-2846 ISSN: 1796-217X
doi: 10.4304/jsw.8.11.2839-2846

Crowd Density Estimation Based on ELM Learning Algorithm

Shan Yang, Hong Bao, Bobo Wang, Haitao Lou
Beijing Key Laboratory of Information Service Engineering, Beijing Union University, Beijing, Chaoyang district, 100101, China

Abstract—Crowd density estimation in public areas with people gathering and waiting is the important content of intelligent crowd surveillance. A real-time and high accuracy algorithm is necessary to be inputted in the classification and regression of crowd density estimation to improve the speed and increase the efficiency. Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) is a neural network architecture in which hidden layer weights are randomly chosen and output layer weights determined analytically. In this paper, we propose a new method which is based on Haralick’s texture vectors, Gray-level Co-occurrence Matrix and ELM. The datasets are based on PETS2009 and UCSD. The performances are compared among SVM, BP and ELM. The experimental results suggest that the ELM learning algorithm has a good performance of accuracy and a very fast speed than other methods.

Index Terms—ELM, crowd density estimation, SVM, BP.


Cite: Shan Yang, Hong Bao, Bobo Wang, Haitao Lou, "Crowd Density Estimation Based on ELM Learning Algorithm," Journal of Software vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 2839-2846, 2013.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-217X (Online)
Frequency: Monthly (2006-2019); Bimonthly (Since 2020)
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Antanas Verikas
Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO, Google Scholar, ProQuest, INSPEC, ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, etc
E-mail: jsw@iap.org
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