Volume 8 Number 11 (Nov. 2013)
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JSW 2013 Vol.8(11): 2723-2732 ISSN: 1796-217X
doi: 10.4304/jsw.8.11.2723-2732

Hierarchical Detection of Hard Exudates in Color Retinal Images

Wei Bu1, Xiangqian Wu2, Xiang Chen2, Baisheng Dai2, Yalin Zheng3
1Department of New Media Technologies and Arts, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
2School of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
3Department of Eye and Vision Science, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK

Abstract—Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the common causes of blindness, and hard exudates (HEs) are the primary and early clinical signs of DR. Thus, a reliable detection of HEs is significant for clinical diagnosis and preventing vision loss of patients. In this paper, a novel method is presented to detect HEs automatically in color retinal images. The method consists of two stages: coarse level and fine level. In coarse level, we extract HEs candidate regions by combining histogram segmentation with morphological reconstruction. While in fine level, we define 44 representative features for each candidate region, and train a support vector machine (SVM) model to classify HEs and non-HEs. We evaluate the proposed method on the public DIARETDB1 database and yield a sensitivity of 94.7% and a positive predictive value of 90.0%. Experiment results show that our method can detect HEs efficiently.

Index Terms—Diabetic retinopathy, hard exudates, histogram segmentation, morphological reconstruction, SVM.

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Cite: Wei Bu, Xiangqian Wu, Xiang Chen, Baisheng Dai, Yalin Zheng, "Hierarchical Detection of Hard Exudates in Color Retinal Images," Journal of Software vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 2723-2732, 2013.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-217X (Online)
Frequency: Monthly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Antanas Verikas
Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO, ProQuest, INSPEC, ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, etc
E-mail: jsw@iap.org
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