Volume 12 Number 2 (Feb. 2017)
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JSW 2017 Vol.12(2): 138-144 ISSN: 1796-217X
doi: 10.17706/jsw.12.2.138-144

Software Birthmark Method Using Combined Structure–Based and API–Based

Donghoon Lee, Dongwoo Kang, Jiye Kim, and Dongho Won*
College of Information and Communication Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, 440-746, Korea.

Abstract—The software birthmarking technique has traditionally been studies in fields such as software piracy, code theft, and copyright infringement. In this paper, we propose a static software birthmark technique that is combined by the structure–based and API–based. Our proposed software birthmark technique is based on procedures that contain the call sequence, including the interprocedural and APIs in the distributed softwares with native code. The procedure birthmark is translated to the ordered tree by call-chain of interprocedural analysis. Finally, the software birthmark generates a list of pq-gram with the ordered trees translated from each procedure. Our experiment performed with variant malwares. These malware are shown that can be distinguished from one another in our method.

Index Terms—Software birthmark, software similarity, static analysis, tree edit distance, code theft.


Cite: Donghoon Lee, Dongwoo Kang, Jiye Kim, and Dongho Won, "Software Birthmark Method Using Combined Structure–Based and API–Based," Journal of Software vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 138-144, 2017.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-217X
Frequency: Monthly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Antanas Verikas
Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO, DOAJ, ProQuest, INSPEC, ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, CNKI,etc
E-mail: jsw@iap.org
  • Aug 02, 2017 News!

    Papers published in JSW Vol. 12, No. 1- Vol. 12, No. 8 have been indexed by DBLP.    [Click]

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    [CFP] 2017 the annual meeting of JSW Editorial Board, ICSTE 2017, will be held in Hong Kong, October 27-29, 2017.   [Click]

  • Sep 27, 2017 News!

    Vol.12, No.5 has been indexed by EI (Inspec).   [Click]

  • Oct 30, 2017 News!

    Vol 12, No. 11 has been published with online version 8 original aritcles from 4 countries are published in this issue.      [Click]

  • Oct 30, 2017 News!

    The papers published in Vol.12, No. 11 have all received dois from Crossref.