Volume 9 Number 12 (Dec. 2014)
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JSW 2014 Vol.9(12): 3012-3019 ISSN: 1796-217X
doi: 10.4304/jsw.9.12.3012-3019

An Improved Face Recognition Technique Based on Modular Multi-directional Two-dimensional Principle Component Analysis Approach

Xiaoqing Dong and Hongcai Chen
Department of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Hanshan Normal University, Chaozhou, 521041, China

Abstract—In this paper, a new method named modular multi-directional two-dimensional principle component analysis (M2D2DPCA) is proposed for face recognition. First, the original images are rotated at some predetermined angles so that we may extract features from the images in any direction. Then we divide the rotated images into smaller sub-images and apply 2DPCA approach to each of these sub-images. Finally we propose a fusion method named modular multi-directional 2DPCA (M2D2DPCA) to combine a bank of preliminary results in different directions. Compared with conventional 2DPCA based algorithms, the advantage of the proposed method is that it can extract significant features from the images in any direction and avoid the effects of varying illumination and facial expression. The results of the experiments on ORL and Yale datasets show that the proposed M2D2DPCA method can obtain a higher recognition rate than the conventional 2DPCA based methods.

Index Terms—face recognition, feature extraction, 2DPCA, MD2DPCA, M2D2DPCA, feature fusion

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Cite: Xiaoqing Dong and Hongcai Chen, "An Improved Face Recognition Technique Based on Modular Multi-directional Two-dimensional Principle Component Analysis Approach," Journal of Software vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 3012-3019, 2014.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-217X (Online)
Frequency: Monthly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Antanas Verikas
Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO, ProQuest, INSPEC, ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, etc
E-mail: jsw@iap.org
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