Volume 7 Number 8 (Aug. 2012)
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JSW 2012 Vol.7(8): 1694-1705 ISSN: 1796-217X
doi: 10.4304/jsw.7.8.1694-1705

Energy Optimization on OpenMP Loop Scheduling

Yong Dong and Juan Chen
1National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, 410073,China

Abstract—Energy consumption has become a serious problem in high-performance computing (HPC) systems. Parallel loops often occupy a significant part of the execution time of overall parallel programs. Thus, reducing their energy consumption is the key to the reduction in energy consumption of the program. This paper discusses energy optimization in OpenMP loop scheduling, which is a method of optimizing energy consumption of parallel loops within a certain performance loss. OpenMP programming includes Uniform-Sized scheduling unit (US)-based Energysaving Optimal Static Scheduling algorithm (EOSS), UnUniform-Sized scheduling unit (UUS)-based Energyoriented Static Scheduling algorithm (ESS). EOSS obtains the maximum energy savings under the ideal condition (US) by combining loop rescheduling and voltage/frequency scaling. ESS optimizes energy consumption under the nonideal condition (UUS). We evaluate these energy-oriented loop scheduling algorithms through simulations on a multiprocessor system. Taking 160 processors as example, five NPB programs with EOSS can reduce 43.5% energy consumption on the average, which is 2.1% more energy saved than the DVFS-only method. ESS can achieve 54% energy savings with the example code we use.

Index Terms—OpenMP loop scheduling, dynamic voltage frequency scaling, processor shutdown, energy optimization

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Cite: Yong Dong, "Energy Optimization on OpenMP Loop Scheduling," Journal of Software vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 1694-1705, 2012.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-217X (Online)
Frequency:  Bimonthly (Since 2020)
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Antanas Verikas
Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO, Google Scholar, ProQuest, INSPEC(IET), ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, etc
E-mail: jsw@iap.org
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